git-commit-tree <root
GIT-COMMIT-TREE(1)                          Git Manual                         GIT-COMMIT-TREE(1)

NAME
       git-commit-tree - Create a new commit object

SYNOPSIS
       git commit-tree  [(-p )...]
       git commit-tree [(-p )...] [-S[]] [(-m )...]
                         [(-F )...] 

DESCRIPTION
       This is usually not what an end user wants to run directly. See git-commit(1) instead.

       Creates a new commit object based on the provided tree object and emits the new commit
       object id on stdout. The log message is read from the standard input, unless -m or -F
       options are given.

       A commit object may have any number of parents. With exactly one parent, it is an ordinary
       commit. Having more than one parent makes the commit a merge between several lines of
       history. Initial (root) commits have no parents.

       While a tree represents a particular directory state of a working directory, a commit
       represents that state in "time", and explains how to get there.

       Normally a commit would identify a new "HEAD" state, and while Git doesn’t care where you
       save the note about that state, in practice we tend to just write the result to the file
       that is pointed at by .git/HEAD, so that we can always see what the last committed state
       was.

OPTIONS
       
           An existing tree object

       -p 
           Each -p indicates the id of a parent commit object.

       -m 
           A paragraph in the commit log message. This can be given more than once and each
            becomes its own paragraph.

       -F 
           Read the commit log message from the given file. Use - to read from the standard
           input.

       -S[], --gpg-sign[=]
           GPG-sign commits. The keyid argument is optional and defaults to the committer
           identity; if specified, it must be stuck to the option without a space.

       --no-gpg-sign
           Countermand commit.gpgSign configuration variable that is set to force each and every
           commit to be signed.

COMMIT INFORMATION
       A commit encapsulates:

       ·   all parent object ids

       ·   author name, email and date

       ·   committer name and email and the commit time.

       While parent object ids are provided on the command line, author and committer information
       is taken from the following environment variables, if set:

           GIT_AUTHOR_NAME
           GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL
           GIT_AUTHOR_DATE
           GIT_COMMITTER_NAME
           GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL
           GIT_COMMITTER_DATE

       (nb "<", ">" and "\n"s are stripped)

       In case (some of) these environment variables are not set, the information is taken from
       the configuration items user.name and user.email, or, if not present, the environment
       variable EMAIL, or, if that is not set, system user name and the hostname used for
       outgoing mail (taken from /etc/mailname and falling back to the fully qualified hostname
       when that file does not exist).

       A commit comment is read from stdin. If a changelog entry is not provided via "<"
       redirection, git commit-tree will just wait for one to be entered and terminated with ^D.

DATE FORMATS
       The GIT_AUTHOR_DATE, GIT_COMMITTER_DATE environment variables support the following date
       formats:

       Git internal format
           It is  

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