tr <root
TR(1)                                     User Commands                                     TR(1)

NAME
       tr - translate or delete characters

SYNOPSIS
       tr [OPTION]... SET1 [SET2]

DESCRIPTION
       Translate, squeeze, and/or delete characters from standard input, writing to standard out‐
       put.

       -c, -C, --complement
              use the complement of SET1

       -d, --delete
              delete characters in SET1, do not translate

       -s, --squeeze-repeats
              replace each sequence of a repeated character that is listed in the last  specified
              SET, with a single occurrence of that character

       -t, --truncate-set1
              first truncate SET1 to length of SET2

       --help display this help and exit

       --version
              output version information and exit

       SETs  are  specified  as  strings  of characters.  Most represent themselves.  Interpreted
       sequences are:

       \NNN   character with octal value NNN (1 to 3 octal digits)

       \\     backslash

       \a     audible BEL

       \b     backspace

       \f     form feed

       \n     new line

       \r     return

       \t     horizontal tab

       \v     vertical tab

       CHAR1-CHAR2
              all characters from CHAR1 to CHAR2 in ascending order

       [CHAR*]
              in SET2, copies of CHAR until length of SET1

       [CHAR*REPEAT]
              REPEAT copies of CHAR, REPEAT octal if starting with 0

       [:alnum:]
              all letters and digits

       [:alpha:]
              all letters

       [:blank:]
              all horizontal whitespace

       [:cntrl:]
              all control characters

       [:digit:]
              all digits

       [:graph:]
              all printable characters, not including space

       [:lower:]
              all lower case letters

       [:print:]
              all printable characters, including space

       [:punct:]
              all punctuation characters

       [:space:]
              all horizontal or vertical whitespace

       [:upper:]
              all upper case letters

       [:xdigit:]
              all hexadecimal digits

       [=CHAR=]
              all characters which are equivalent to CHAR

       Translation occurs if -d is not given and both SET1 and SET2 appear.  -t may be used  only
       when  translating.   SET2 is extended to length of SET1 by repeating its last character as
       necessary.  Excess characters of SET2 are ignored.  Only [:lower:] and [:upper:] are guar‐
       anteed to expand in ascending order; used in SET2 while translating, they may only be used
       in pairs to specify case conversion.  -s uses the last specified  SET,  and  occurs  after
       translation or deletion.

AUTHOR
       Written by Jim Meyering.

REPORTING BUGS
       GNU coreutils online help: 
       Report tr translation bugs to 

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright  ©  2016  Free  Software  Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or
       later .
       This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.  There is NO  WARRANTY,
       to the extent permitted by law.

SEE ALSO
       Full documentation at: 
       or available locally via: info '(coreutils) tr invocation'

GNU coreutils 8.25                        February 2016                                     TR(1)

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