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CONSOLE-SETUP(5)                   Console-setup User's Manual                   CONSOLE-SETUP(5)

NAME
       console-setup - configuration file for setupcon

DESCRIPTION
       The  file  console-setup  specifies the encoding and the font to be used by setupcon(1) in
       order to setup the console.  It can be used also to specify the keyboard layout but it  is
       not recommended to do so, use keyboard(5) instead.

       The  font  specification  consists of three parameters - codeset, font face and font size.
       The codeset specifies what characters will be supported by the font.  There isn't  one-to-
       one correspondence between codeset and encoding, for example the codeset Lat15 is suitable
       for ISO 8859-1, ISO 8859-9 and ISO 8859-15.  The codesets are two kinds - small  and  big.
       Only small codesets are supported on FreeBSD.

       The  font  face  determines  the general look of the font.  Each font face is available in
       certain possible sizes.  On FreeBSD only 8x16, 8x14 and 8x8 are valid sizes.  On Linux  if
       framebuffer  is  not  used or consolechars(1) is installed instead of setfont(1), then the
       permitted sizes have the form 8xNUMBER.

       The console driver of FreeBSD permits  fonts  in  different  sizes  to  be  simultaneously
       loaded.   Which  one  of  them  will  be  actually used depends on the current video mode.
       Therefore, on this platform the font size specification will be  ignored  and  setupcon(1)
       will load the selected font face in all available sizes.

       The file console-setup consists of variable settings in POSIX format:

              VARIABLE='VALUE'

       Only one assignment is allowed per line.  Comments (starting with '#') are also allowed.

OPTIONS
       The following variables can be set.

       ACTIVE_CONSOLES
              Specifies the device files in /dev of the virtual terminals to be configured.  File
              name wild-cards (*, ?)  are  allowed.   On  Linux  usually  you  can  set  this  to
              /dev/tty[1-6] and on FreeBSD a sensible value is /dev/ttyv[0-8].  You can assign to
              this variable also the special value guess.  It will cause setupcon(1)  to  attempt
              to  guess  the  active  virtual  consoles by looking in configuration files such as
              /etc/inittab and /etc/ttys.  This guessing is not always reliable.

       CHARMAP
              Specifies the desired encoding on the console.  Valid values are: UTF-8, ARMSCII-8,
              CP1251,   CP1255,   CP1256,  GEORGIAN-ACADEMY,  GEORGIAN-PS,  IBM1133,  ISIRI-3342,
              ISO-8859-1, ISO-8859-2, ISO-8859-3, ISO-8859-4, ISO-8859-5, ISO-8859-6, ISO-8859-7,
              ISO-8859-8,   ISO-8859-9,   ISO-8859-10,   ISO-8859-11,  ISO-8859-13,  ISO-8859-14,
              ISO-8859-15, ISO-8859-16, KOI8-R, KOI8-U, TIS-620 and VISCII.   The  special  value
              guess is also recognized in which case the system command locale(1) will be used to
              guess the desired encoding (currently this works reliably only with GNU libc).

       CODESET
              In most cases the special value guess can be used here in  which  case  a  suitable
              codeset will be guessed.  The codeset determines which symbols are supported by the
              font.  Valid small codesets are:  Armenian,  CyrAsia,  CyrKoi,  CyrSlav,  Georgian,
              Greek,  Hebrew,  Lao,  Lat15,  Lat2, Lat38, Lat7 and Thai.  Valid big codesets are:
              Arabic, Ethiopian, Uni1, Uni2, Uni3 and Vietnamese.  Only  small  codesets  can  be
              used  on  FreeBSD.  See below the section entitled “CODESETS” for detailed descrip‐
              tion of each of these codesets.

       FONTFACE and FONTSIZE
              Valid font faces are: VGA (sizes 8x8, 8x14, 8x16, 16x28 and 16x32), Terminus (sizes
              6x12,  8x14,  8x16, 10x20, 12x24, 14x28 and 16x32), TerminusBold (sizes 8x14, 8x16,
              10x20, 12x24, 14x28 and 16x32), TerminusBoldVGA (sizes 8x14 and  8x16),  and  Fixed
              (sizes  8x13,  8x14,  8x15, 8x16 and 8x18).  If however CODESET=Ethiopian, then the
              available font faces are Goha and GohaClassic, each in sizes 8x12, 8x14 and 8x16.

              Set FONTFACE and FONTSIZE to empty strings if you want to configure only  the  key‐
              board and to leave the console font unchanged.

       VIDEOMODE
              Set  VIDEOMODE  to  an empty string to avoid setting up the video mode.  On FreeBSD
              you can run

                  vidcontrol -i mode

              in order to see all possible video modes.  On Linux fbset(1) is used  to  configure
              the  video  mode  but  very often this doesn't work because the default framebuffer
              driver (VesaFB) is rather limited and doesn't allow changes of the video mode.

       FONT, FONT_MAP and CONSOLE_MAP
              If set, specify that a non standard font is to be used.  The value of the  variable
              FONT  consists  of one or more space separated font file names.  On Linux, when the
              font doesn't contain embedded Unicode map, an external map can  be  specified  with
              the  variable FONT_MAP.  The value of CONSOLE_MAP is a file that specifies a trans‐
              lation map from the user's 8-bit encoding to Unicode (Linux only)  or  directly  to
              font positions.

       SCREEN_WIDTH and SCREEN_HEIGHT
              If  set,  these  variables specify a screen size that setupcon(1) will enforce with
              stty(1).  This can be useful with some braille devices that are only 40 cells wide.
              The  screen  size can not exceed what the current screen resolution can display ac‐
              cording to the size of the loaded font.

CODESETS
       There are two kinds of codesets - small (up to 256 symbols) and big (up  to  512 symbols).
       Only  small codesets can be used on FreeBSD.  When the screen is in text mode (i.e. frame‐
       buffer is not used) then fonts covering big codesets will reduce the number  of  available
       foreground colors.

   Arabic (a big codeset)
       Supported languages: Arabic, Kurdish in Iran, Pashto, Persian and Urdu.

       Completely  covered by the following font faces: Fixed (size 8x16) and VGA (sizes 8x16 and
       16x32).

   Armenian
       Supported language: Armenian.

       Completely covered by the following font faces: Fixed (all sizes).

   CyrAsia
       This codeset supports some of the non-Slavic Cyrillic languages - Abkhazia, Avaric,  Azer‐
       baijani, Bashkir, Buryat, Chechen, Chuvash, Inupiaq (Eskimo), Kara-Kalpak, Kazakh, Kirgiz,
       Komi, Kumyk, Kurdish, Lezghian,  Mari  (Cheremis),  Mongolian,  Ossetic,  Selkup  (Ostyak-
       Samoyed), Tajik, Tatar, Turkmen, Tuvinian, Uzbek and Yakut.

       Completely supported by the following font faces: Fixed (all sizes).

   CyrKoi
       Supports entirely the 8-bit encodings KOI8-R and KOI8-U.  Suitable for Russian and Ukrain‐
       ian when one of these two encodings is used.

       Completely covered by the following font faces (in all sizes): Fixed, Terminus,  Terminus‐
       Bold, TerminusBoldVGA and VGA.

   CyrSlav
       Supports entirely the 8-bit encodings ISO-8859-5 and CP1251.  Suitable the Slavic Cyrillic
       languages - Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian and Ukrainian.   For  Ser‐
       bian both the Cyrillic and the Latin alphabets are supported.

       Completely  covered  by the following font faces: Fixed (all sizes), Terminus (all sizes),
       TerminusBold (all sizes), TerminusBoldVGA (all sizes), VGA (sizes 8x16 and 16x32).

   Ethiopian (a big codeset)
       Supports Amharic, Ethiopic (Geez), Tigre and Tigrinya.

       This codeset is partially covered by the following  font  faces:  Fixed  (sizes  8x15  and
       8x18), Goha (all sizes) and GohaClassic (all sizes).

   Georgian
       Supported language: Georgian.

       Completely covered by the following font faces: Fixed (all sizes).

   Greek
       Supported language: Greek.

       Completely  covered by the following font faces: Fixed (all sizes) and VGA (sizes 8x16 and
       16x32).

   Hebrew
       Supported languages: Hebrew and Yiddish.

       Completely covered by the following font faces: Fixed (sizes 8x13, 8x15,  8x16  and  8x18)
       and VGA (sizes 8x16 and 16x32).

   Lao
       Supported languages: Lao.

       Completely covered by the following font faces: Fixed (sizes 8x15 and 8x16).

   Lat15
       Covers entirely ISO-8859-1, ISO-8859-9 and ISO-8859-15.  Suitable for the so called Latin1
       and Latin5 languages - Afar, Afrikaans, Albanian,  Aragonese,  Asturian,  Aymara,  Basque,
       Bislama,  Breton,  Catalan,  Chamorro,  Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Fijian,
       Finnish, French, Frisian, Friulian, Galician, German, Hiri Motu, Icelandic,  Ido,  Indone‐
       sian,  Interlingua,  Interlingue,  Italian, Low Saxon, Lule Sami, Luxembourgish, Malagasy,
       Manx Gaelic, Norwegian Bokmal, Norwegian Nynorsk, Occitan,  Oromo  or  Galla,  Portuguese,
       Rhaeto-Romance  (Romansch),  Scots  Gaelic, Somali, South Sami, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish,
       Tswana, Turkish, Volapuk, Votic, Walloon, Xhosa, Yapese and Zulu.

       Completely covered by the following font faces: Fixed (all sizes), Terminus  (all  sizes),
       TerminusBold (all sizes), TerminusBoldVGA (all sizes), VGA (sizes 8x16 and 16x32).

   Lat2
       Covers  entirely  ISO-8859-2.  The Euro sign and the Romanian letters with comma below are
       also supported.  Suitable for the so called Latin2 languages - Bosnian,  Croatian,  Czech,
       Hungarian, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Slovenian and Sorbian (lower and upper).

       Completely  covered  by the following font faces: Fixed (all sizes), Terminus (all sizes),
       TerminusBold (all sizes), TerminusBoldVGA (all sizes), VGA (sizes 8x16 and 16x32).

   Lat38
       Covers entirely ISO-8859-3 and ISO-8859-14.  Suitable for Chichewa Esperanto, Irish,  Mal‐
       tese and Welsh.

       Completely  covered by the following font faces: Fixed (all sizes) and VGA (sizes 8x16 and
       16x32).

   Lat7
       Covers entirely ISO-8859-13.  Suitable for Lithuanian, Latvian, Maori and Marshallese.

       Completely covered by the following font faces: Fixed (all sizes), Terminus  (all  sizes),
       TerminusBold (all sizes), TerminusBoldVGA (all sizes), VGA (sizes 8x16 and 16x32).

   Thai
       Supported language: Thai.

       Completely covered by the following font faces: Fixed (all sizes).

   Uni1 (a big codeset)
       Supports  most  of  the  Latin languages, the Slavic Cyrillic languages, Hebrew and barely
       Arabic.

       Completely covered by the following font faces: Fixed (sizes 8x15 and 8x16) and  VGA  (all
       sizes).

   Uni2 (a big codeset)
       Supports most of the Latin languages, the Slavic Cyrillic languages and Greek.

       Completely  covered by the following font faces: Fixed (all sizes) and VGA (sizes 8x16 and
       16x32).

   Uni3 (a big codeset)
       Supports most of the Latin and Cyrillic languages.

       Completely covered by the following font faces: Fixed (all sizes).

   Vietnamese (a big codeset)
       Supported language: Vietnamese.

       Completely covered by the following font faces: Fixed (sizes 8x13, 8x15, 8x16 and 8x18).

FILES
       The standard location of the console-setup configuration file is /etc/default/console-set‐
       up.   The keyboard configuration is in /etc/default/keyboard.  Fonts that can be used with
       the   variable   FONT   are   usually    installed    in    /usr/share/consolefonts/    or
       /usr/share/syscons/fonts/.   Translation  maps  that  can  be  used with the variable CON‐
       SOLE_MAP are usually installed  in  /usr/share/consoletrans/  or  /usr/share/syscons/scrn‐
       maps/.

NOTES
       The  aim  of  the  Terminus font is to reduce the eyes-fatigue when one has to read a lot.
       Currently this font supports only the Latin, the  Cyrillic  and  the  Greek  scripts  (the
       Lat15, Lat2, Lat7, CyrAsia, CyrKoi, CyrSlav, Greek, Uni2 and Uni3 codesets).

       The  fonts  with  font  face TerminusBoldVGA are optimized for use with regular text video
       modes.  They should not be used with framebuffer video modes.  The fonts  with  font  face
       TerminusBold  are optimized for use with the framebuffer video modes.  The fonts with font
       face Terminus can be used in all video modes.

SEE ALSO
       setupcon(1), keyboard(5), setfont(1), consolechars(1), vidcontrol(1)

console-setup                               2011-03-17                           CONSOLE-SETUP(5)

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