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GETFACL(1)                             Access Control Lists                            GETFACL(1)

NAME
       getfacl - get file access control lists

SYNOPSIS
       getfacl [-aceEsRLPtpndvh] file ...

       getfacl [-aceEsRLPtpndvh] -

DESCRIPTION
       For  each  file,  getfacl displays the file name, owner, the group, and the Access Control
       List (ACL). If a directory has a default ACL, getfacl also displays the default ACL.  Non-
       directories cannot have default ACLs.

       If  getfacl  is  used  on  a  file system that does not support ACLs, getfacl displays the
       access permissions defined by the traditional file mode permission bits.

       The output format of getfacl is as follows:
               1:  # file: somedir/
               2:  # owner: lisa
               3:  # group: staff
               4:  # flags: -s-
               5:  user::rwx
               6:  user:joe:rwx               #effective:r-x
               7:  group::rwx                 #effective:r-x
               8:  group:cool:r-x
               9:  mask::r-x
              10:  other::r-x
              11:  default:user::rwx
              12:  default:user:joe:rwx       #effective:r-x
              13:  default:group::r-x
              14:  default:mask::r-x
              15:  default:other::---

       Lines 1--3 indicate the file name, owner, and owning group.

       Line 4 indicates the setuid (s), setgid (s), and sticky (t) bits: either the letter repre‐
       senting the bit, or else a dash (-). This line is included if any of those bits is set and
       left out otherwise, so it will not be shown for most  files.  (See  CONFORMANCE  TO  POSIX
       1003.1e DRAFT STANDARD 17 below.)

       Lines  5, 7 and 10 correspond to the user, group and other fields of the file mode permis‐
       sion bits. These three are called the base ACL entries. Lines 6 and 8 are named  user  and
       named  group entries. Line 9 is the effective rights mask. This entry limits the effective
       rights granted to all groups and to named users. (The file owner  and  others  permissions
       are  not affected by the effective rights mask; all other entries are.)  Lines 11--15 dis‐
       play the default ACL associated with this directory. Directories may have a  default  ACL.
       Regular files never have a default ACL.

       The  default  behavior  for getfacl is to display both the ACL and the default ACL, and to
       include an effective rights comment for lines where the rights of the  entry  differ  from
       the effective rights.

       If  output  is to a terminal, the effective rights comment is aligned to column 40. Other‐
       wise, a single tab character separates the ACL entry and the effective rights comment.

       The ACL listings of multiple files are separated by blank lines.  The  output  of  getfacl
       can also be used as input to setfacl.

   PERMISSIONS
       Process  with  search access to a file (i.e., processes with read access to the containing
       directory of a file) are also granted read access to the file's ACLs.  This  is  analogous
       to the permissions required for accessing the file mode.

OPTIONS
       -a, --access
           Display the file access control list.

       -d, --default
           Display the default access control list.

       -c, --omit-header
           Do not display the comment header (the first three lines of each file's output).

       -e, --all-effective
           Print  all  effective  rights comments, even if identical to the rights defined by the
           ACL entry.

       -E, --no-effective
           Do not print effective rights comments.

       -s, --skip-base
           Skip files that only have the base ACL entries (owner, group, others).

       -R, --recursive
           List the ACLs of all files and directories recursively.

       -L, --logical
           Logical walk, follow symbolic links to directories. The default behavior is to  follow
           symbolic  link arguments, and skip symbolic links encountered in subdirectories.  Only
           effective in combination with -R.

       -P, --physical
           Physical walk, do not follow symbolic links to directories. This also  skips  symbolic
           link arguments.  Only effective in combination with -R.

       -t, --tabular
           Use  an  alternative  tabular output format. The ACL and the default ACL are displayed
           side by side. Permissions that are ineffective due to the ACL mask entry are displayed
           capitalized.  The  entry  tag names for the ACL_USER_OBJ and ACL_GROUP_OBJ entries are
           also displayed in capital letters, which helps in spotting those entries.

       -p, --absolute-names
           Do not strip leading slash characters (`/'). The default behavior is to strip  leading
           slash characters.

       -n, --numeric
           List numeric user and group IDs

       -v, --version
           Print the version of getfacl and exit.

       -h, --help
           Print help explaining the command line options.

       --  End  of  command line options. All remaining parameters are interpreted as file names,
           even if they start with a dash character.

       -   If the file name parameter is a single dash character, getfacl reads a list  of  files
           from standard input.

CONFORMANCE TO POSIX 1003.1e DRAFT STANDARD 17
       If  the  environment  variable POSIXLY_CORRECT is defined, the default behavior of getfacl
       changes in the following ways: Unless otherwise specified, only the ACL  is  printed.  The
       default  ACL  is  only  printed if the -d option is given. If no command line parameter is
       given, getfacl behaves as if it was invoked as ``getfacl -''.  No flags comments  indicat‐
       ing the setuid, setgit, and sticky bits are generated.

AUTHOR
       Andreas Gruenbacher, .

       Please send your bug reports and comments to the above address.

SEE ALSO
       setfacl(1), acl(5)

May 2000                                ACL File Utilities                             GETFACL(1)

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