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PAM_EXTRAUSERS(8)                        Linux-PAM Manual                       PAM_EXTRAUSERS(8)

NAME
       pam_extrausers - Module for libnss-extrausers authentication

SYNOPSIS
       pam_extrausers.so [...]

DESCRIPTION
       This is similar to the standard Unix authentication module pam_unix. But instead of using
       /etc/passwd and /etc/shadow, it uses /var/lib/extrausers/passwd and
       /var/lib/extrausers/shadow.

       The account component performs the task of establishing the status of the user's account
       and password based on the following shadow elements: expire, last_change, max_change,
       min_change, warn_change. In the case of the latter, it may offer advice to the user on
       changing their password or, through the PAM_AUTHTOKEN_REQD return, delay giving service to
       the user until they have established a new password. The entries listed above are
       documented in the shadow(5) manual page. Should the user's record not contain one or more
       of these entries, the corresponding shadow check is not performed.

       The authentication component performs the task of checking the users credentials
       (password). The default action of this module is to not permit the user access to a
       service if their official password is blank.

       The password component of this module performs the task of updating the user's password.
       The default encryption hash is taken from the ENCRYPT_METHOD variable from /etc/login.defs

       The session component of this module logs when a user logins or leave the system.

       Remaining arguments, supported by others functions of this module, are silently ignored.
       Other arguments are logged as errors through syslog(3).

OPTIONS
       debug
           Turns on debugging via syslog(3).

       audit
           A little more extreme than debug.

       nullok
           The default action of this module is to not permit the user access to a service if
           their official password is blank. The nullok argument overrides this default and
           allows any user with a blank password to access the service.

       nullok_secure
           The default action of this module is to not permit the user access to a service if
           their official password is blank. The nullok_secure argument overrides this default
           and allows any user with a blank password to access the service as long as the value
           of PAM_TTY is set to one of the values found in /etc/securetty.

       try_first_pass
           Before prompting the user for their password, the module first tries the previous
           stacked module's password in case that satisfies this module as well.

       use_first_pass
           The argument use_first_pass forces the module to use a previous stacked modules
           password and will never prompt the user - if no password is available or the password
           is not appropriate, the user will be denied access.

       nodelay
           This argument can be used to discourage the authentication component from requesting a
           delay should the authentication as a whole fail. The default action is for the module
           to request a delay-on-failure of the order of two second.

       use_authtok
           When password changing enforce the module to set the new password to the one provided
           by a previously stacked password module (this is used in the example of the stacking
           of the pam_cracklib module documented below).

       not_set_pass
           This argument is used to inform the module that it is not to pay attention to/make
           available the old or new passwords from/to other (stacked) password modules.

       nis
           NIS RPC is used for setting new passwords.

       remember=n
           The last n passwords for each user are saved in /etc/security/opasswd in order to
           force password change history and keep the user from alternating between the same
           password too frequently. Instead of this option the pam_pwhistory module should be
           used.

       shadow
           Try to maintain a shadow based system.

       md5
           When a user changes their password next, encrypt it with the MD5 algorithm.

       bigcrypt
           When a user changes their password next, encrypt it with the DEC C2 algorithm.

       sha256
           When a user changes their password next, encrypt it with the SHA256 algorithm. If the
           SHA256 algorithm is not known to the crypt(3) function, fall back to MD5.

       sha512
           When a user changes their password next, encrypt it with the SHA512 algorithm. If the
           SHA512 algorithm is not known to the crypt(3) function, fall back to MD5.

       blowfish
           When a user changes their password next, encrypt it with the blowfish algorithm. If
           the blowfish algorithm is not known to the crypt(3) function, fall back to MD5.

       rounds=n
           Set the optional number of rounds of the SHA256, SHA512 and blowfish password hashing
           algorithms to n.

       broken_shadow
           Ignore errors reading shadow information for users in the account management module.

       minlen=n
           Set a minimum password length of n characters. The default value is 6. The maximum for
           DES crypt-based passwords is 8 characters.

       obscure
           Enable some extra checks on password strength. These checks are based on the "obscure"
           checks in the original shadow package. The behavior is similar to the pam_cracklib
           module, but for non-dictionary-based checks. The following checks are implemented:

           Palindrome
               Verifies that the new password is not a palindrome of (i.e., the reverse of) the
               previous one.

           Case Change Only
               Verifies that the new password isn't the same as the old one with a change of
               case.

           Similar
               Verifies that the new password isn't too much like the previous one.

           Simple
               Is the new password too simple? This is based on the length of the password and
               the number of different types of characters (alpha, numeric, etc.) used.

           Rotated
               Is the new password a rotated version of the old password? (E.g., "billy" and
               "illyb")

       Invalid arguments are logged with syslog(3).

MODULE TYPES PROVIDED
       All module types (account, auth, password and session) are provided.

RETURN VALUES
       PAM_IGNORE
           Ignore this module.

EXAMPLES
       An example usage for /etc/pam.d/common-password would be:

           password        [success=2 default=ignore]      pam_extrausers.so obscure sha512
           password        [success=1 default=ignore]      pam_unix.so obscure sha512
           # here's the fallback if no module succeeds
           password        requisite                       pam_deny.so
           # prime the stack with a positive return value if there isn't one already;
           # this avoids us returning an error just because nothing sets a success code
           # since the modules above will each just jump around
           password        required                        pam_permit.so
           # and here are more per-package modules (the "Additional" block)
           password        optional        pam_gnome_keyring.so
           password        optional        pam_ecryptfs.so

SEE ALSO
       login.defs(5), pam.conf(5), pam.d(5), pam(7)

AUTHOR
       pam_extrausers was written by various people.

Linux-PAM Manual                            07/22/2014                          PAM_EXTRAUSERS(8)

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