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SK98LIN(4)                          Linux Programmer's Manual                          SK98LIN(4)

NAME
       sk98lin - Marvell/SysKonnect Gigabit Ethernet driver v6.21

SYNOPSIS
       insmod     sk98lin.o     [Speed_A=i,j,...]      [Speed_B=i,j,...]      [AutoNeg_A=i,j,...]
       [AutoNeg_B=i,j,...]  [DupCap_A=i,j,...]  [DupCap_B=i,j,...]  [FlowCtrl_A=i,j,...]  [FlowC‐
       trl_B=i,j,...]     [Role_A=i,j,...]     [Role_B=i,j,...]     [ConType=i,j,...]    [Modera‐
       tion=i,j,...]  [IntsPerSec=i,j,...]  [PrefPort=i,j,...]  [RlmtMode=i,j,...]

DESCRIPTION
       Note: This obsolete driver was removed from the kernel in version 2.6.26.

       sk98lin is the Gigabit Ethernet driver for Marvell and SysKonnect network adapter cards.
       It supports SysKonnect SK-98xx/SK-95xx compliant Gigabit Ethernet Adapter and any Yukon
       compliant chipset.

       When loading the driver using insmod, parameters for the network adapter cards might be
       stated as a sequence of comma separated commands.  If for instance two network adapters
       are installed and AutoNegotiation on Port A of the first adapter should be ON, but on the
       Port A of the second adapter switched OFF, one must enter:

          insmod sk98lin.o AutoNeg_A=On,Off

       After sk98lin is bound to one or more adapter cards and the /proc filesystem is mounted on
       your system, a dedicated statistics file will be created in the folder /proc/net/sk98lin
       for all ports of the installed network adapter cards.  Those files are named eth[x], where
       x is the number of the interface that has been assigned to a dedicated port by the system.

       If loading is finished, any desired IP address can be assigned to the respective eth[x]
       interface using the ifconfig(8) command.  This causes the adapter to connect to the
       Ethernet and to display a status message on the console saying "ethx: network connection
       up using port y" followed by the configured or detected connection parameters.

       The sk98lin also supports large frames (also called jumbo frames).  Using jumbo frames can
       improve throughput tremendously when transferring large amounts of data.  To enable large
       frames, the MTU (maximum transfer unit) size for an interface is to be set to a high
       value.  The default MTU size is 1500 and can be changed up to 9000 (bytes).  Setting the
       MTU size can be done when assigning the IP address to the interface or later by using the
       ifconfig(8) command with the mtu parameter.  If for instance eth0 needs an IP address and
       a large frame MTU size, the following two commands might be used:

           ifconfig eth0 10.1.1.1
           ifconfig eth0 mtu 9000

       Those two commands might even be combined into one:

           ifconfig eth0 10.1.1.1 mtu 9000

       Note that large frames can be used only if permitted by your network infrastructure.  This
       means, that any switch being used in your Ethernet must also support large frames.  Quite
       some switches support large frames, but need to be configured to do so.  Most of the
       times, their default setting is to support only standard frames with an MTU size of 1500
       (bytes).  In addition to the switches inside the network, all network adapters that are to
       be used must also be enabled regarding jumbo frames.  If an adapter is not set to receive
       large frames, it will simply drop them.

       Switching back to the standard Ethernet frame size can be done by using the ifconfig(8)
       command again:

           ifconfig eth0 mtu 1500

       The Marvell/SysKonnect Gigabit Ethernet driver for Linux is able to support VLAN and Link
       Aggregation according to IEEE standards 802.1, 802.1q, and 802.3ad.  Those features are
       available only after installation of open source modules which can be found on the
       Internet:

       VLAN: ⟨http://www.candelatech.com/~greear/vlan.html⟩
       Link Aggregation: ⟨http://www.st.rim.or.jp/~yumo⟩

       Note that Marvell/SysKonnect does not offer any support for these open source modules and
       does not take the responsibility for any kind of failures or problems arising when using
       these modules.

   Parameters
       Speed_A=i,j,...
              This parameter is used to set the speed capabilities of port A of an adapter card.
              It is valid only for Yukon copper adapters.  Possible values are: 10, 100, 1000, or
              Auto; Auto is the default.  Usually, the speed is negotiated between the two ports
              during link establishment.  If this fails, a port can be forced to a specific set‐
              ting with this parameter.

       Speed_B=i,j,...
              This parameter is used to set the speed capabilities of port B of an adapter card.
              It is valid only for Yukon copper adapters.  Possible values are: 10, 100, 1000, or
              Auto; Auto is the default.  Usually, the speed is negotiated between the two ports
              during link establishment.  If this fails, a port can be forced to a specific set‐
              ting with this parameter.

       AutoNeg_A=i,j,...
              Enables or disables the use of autonegotiation of port A of an adapter card.  Pos‐
              sible values are: On, Off, or Sense; On is the default.  The Sense mode automati‐
              cally detects whether the link partner supports auto-negotiation or not.

       AutoNeg_B=i,j,...
              Enables or disables the use of autonegotiation of port B of an adapter card.  Pos‐
              sible values are: On, Off, or Sense; On is the default.  The Sense mode automati‐
              cally detects whether the link partner supports auto-negotiation or not.

       DupCap_A=i,j,...
              This parameter indicates the duplex mode to be used for port A of an adapter card.
              Possible values are: Half, Full, or Both; Both is the default.  This parameter is
              relevant only if AutoNeg_A of port A is not set to Sense.  If AutoNeg_A is set to
              On, all three values of DupCap_A ( Half, Full or Both) might be stated.  If
              AutoNeg_A is set to Off, only DupCap_A values Full and Half are allowed.  This Dup‐
              Cap_A parameter is useful if your link partner does not support all possible duplex
              combinations.

       DupCap_B=i,j,...
              This parameter indicates the duplex mode to be used for port B of an adapter card.
              Possible values are: Half, Full, or Both; Both is the default.  This parameter is
              relevant only if AutoNeg_B of port B is not set to Sense.  If AutoNeg_B is set to
              On, all three values of DupCap_B ( Half, Full or Both) might be stated.  If
              AutoNeg_B is set to Off, only DupCap_B values Full and Half are allowed.  This Dup‐
              Cap_B parameter is useful if your link partner does not support all possible duplex
              combinations.

       FlowCtrl_A=i,j,...
              This parameter can be used to set the flow control capabilities the port reports
              during auto-negotiation.  Possible values are: Sym, SymOrRem, LocSend, or None;
              SymOrRem is the default.  The different modes have the following meaning:

              Sym = Symmetric
               both link partners are allowed to send PAUSE frames
              SymOrRem = SymmetricOrRemote
               both or only remote partner are allowed to send PAUSE frames
              LocSend = LocalSend
               only local link partner is allowed to send PAUSE frames
              None = None
               no link partner is allowed to send PAUSE frames

              Note that this parameter is ignored if AutoNeg_A is set to Off.

       FlowCtrl_B=i,j,...
              This parameter can be used to set the flow control capabilities the port reports
              during auto-negotiation.  Possible values are: Sym, SymOrRem, LocSend, or None;
              SymOrRem is the default.  The different modes have the following meaning:

              Sym = Symmetric
               both link partners are allowed to send PAUSE frames
              SymOrRem = SymmetricOrRemote
               both or only remote partner are allowed to send PAUSE frames
              LocSend = LocalSend
               only local link partner is allowed to send PAUSE frames
              None = None
               no link partner is allowed to send PAUSE frames

              Note that this parameter is ignored if AutoNeg_B is set to Off.

       Role_A=i,j,...
              This parameter is valid only for 1000Base-T adapter cards.  For two 1000Base-T
              ports to communicate, one must take the role of the master (providing timing infor‐
              mation), while the other must be the slave.  Possible values are: Auto, Master, or
              Slave; Auto is the default.  Usually, the role of a port is negotiated between two
              ports during link establishment, but if that fails the port A of an adapter card
              can be forced to a specific setting with this parameter.

       Role_B=i,j,...
              This parameter is valid only for 1000Base-T adapter cards.  For two 1000Base-T
              ports to communicate, one must take the role of the master (providing timing infor‐
              mation), while the other must be the slave.  Possible values are: Auto, Master, or
              Slave; Auto is the default.  Usually, the role of a port is negotiated between two
              ports during link establishment, but if that fails the port B of an adapter card
              can be forced to a specific setting with this parameter.

       ConType=i,j,...
              This parameter is a combination of all five per-port parameters within one single
              parameter.  This simplifies the configuration of both ports of an adapter card.
              The different values of this variable reflect the most meaningful combinations of
              port parameters.  Possible values and their corresponding combination of per-port
              parameters:

              ConType | DupCap   AutoNeg   FlowCtrl   Role   Speed
              --------+-------------------------------------------
              Auto    |  Both      On      SymOrRem   Auto   Auto
              100FD   |  Full      Off       None     Auto   100
              100HD   |  Half      Off       None     Auto   100
              10FD    |  Full      Off       None     Auto   10
              10HD    |  Half      Off       None     Auto   10

              Stating any other port parameter together with this ConType parameter will result
              in a merged configuration of those settings.  This is due to the fact, that the
              per-port parameters (e.g., Speed_A) have a higher priority than the combined vari‐
              able ConType.

       Moderation=i,j,...
              Interrupt moderation is employed to limit the maximum number of interrupts the
              driver has to serve.  That is, one or more interrupts (which indicate any transmit
              or receive packet to be processed) are queued until the driver processes them.
              When queued interrupts are to be served, is determined by the IntsPerSec parameter,
              which is explained later below.  Possible moderation modes are: None, Static, or
              Dynamic; None is the default.  The different modes have the following meaning:

              None No interrupt moderation is applied on the adapter card.  Therefore, each
              transmit or receive interrupt is served immediately as soon as it appears on the
              interrupt line of the adapter card.

              Static Interrupt moderation is applied on the adapter card.  All transmit and
              receive interrupts are queued until a complete moderation interval ends.  If such a
              moderation interval ends, all queued interrupts are processed in one big bunch
              without any delay.  The term Static reflects the fact, that interrupt moderation is
              always enabled, regardless how much network load is currently passing via a partic‐
              ular interface.  In addition, the duration of the moderation interval has a fixed
              length that never changes while the driver is operational.

              Dynamic Interrupt moderation might be applied on the adapter card, depending on the
              load of the system.  If the driver detects that the system load is too high, the
              driver tries to shield the system against too much network load by enabling inter‐
              rupt moderation.  If—at a later time—the CPU utilization decreases again (or if the
              network load is negligible), the interrupt moderation will automatically be dis‐
              abled.

              Interrupt moderation should be used when the driver has to handle one or more
              interfaces with a high network load, which—as a consequence—leads also to a high
              CPU utilization.  When moderation is applied in such high network load situations,
              CPU load might be reduced by 20-30% on slow computers.

              Note that the drawback of using interrupt moderation is an increase of the round-
              trip-time (RTT), due to the queuing and serving of interrupts at dedicated modera‐
              tion times.

       IntsPerSec=i,j,...
              This parameter determines the length of any interrupt moderation interval.  Assum‐
              ing that static interrupt moderation is to be used, an IntsPerSec parameter value
              of 2000 will lead to an interrupt moderation interval of 500 microseconds.  Possi‐
              ble values for this parameter are in the range of 30...40000 (interrupts per sec‐
              ond).  The default value is 2000.

              This parameter is used only if either static or dynamic interrupt moderation is
              enabled on a network adapter card.  This parameter is ignored if no moderation is
              applied.

              Note that the duration of the moderation interval is to be chosen with care.  At
              first glance, selecting a very long duration (e.g., only 100 interrupts per second)
              seems to be meaningful, but the increase of packet-processing delay is tremendous.
              On the other hand, selecting a very short moderation time might compensate the use
              of any moderation being applied.

       PrefPort=i,j,...
              This parameter is used to force the preferred port to A or B (on dual-port network
              adapters).  The preferred port is the one that is used if both ports A and B are
              detected as fully functional.  Possible values are: A or B; A is the default.

       RlmtMode=i,j,...
              RLMT monitors the status of the port.  If the link of the active port fails, RLMT
              switches immediately to the standby link.  The virtual link is maintained as long
              as at least one "physical" link is up.  This parameters states how RLMT should mon‐
              itor both ports.  Possible values are: CheckLinkState, CheckLocalPort, CheckSeg, or
              DualNet; CheckLinkState is the default.  The different modes have the following
              meaning:

              CheckLinkState Check link state only: RLMT uses the link state reported by the
              adapter hardware for each individual port to determine whether a port can be used
              for all network traffic or not.

              CheckLocalPort In this mode, RLMT monitors the network path between the two ports
              of an adapter by regularly exchanging packets between them.  This mode requires a
              network configuration in which the two ports are able to "see" each other (i.e.,
              there must not be any router between the ports).

              CheckSeg Check local port and segmentation: This mode supports the same functions
              as the CheckLocalPort mode and additionally checks network segmentation between the
              ports.  Therefore, this mode is to be used only if Gigabit Ethernet switches are
              installed on the network that have been configured to use the Spanning Tree proto‐
              col.

              DualNet In this mode, ports A and B are used as separate devices.  If you have a
              dual port adapter, port A will be configured as eth[x] and port B as eth[x+1].
              Both ports can be used independently with distinct IP addresses.  The preferred
              port setting is not used.  RLMT is turned off.

              Note that RLMT modes CheckLocalPort and CheckLinkState are designed to operate in
              configurations where a network path between the ports on one adapter exists.  More‐
              over, they are not designed to work where adapters are connected back-to-back.

FILES
       /proc/net/sk98lin/eth[x]
              The statistics file of a particular interface of an adapter card.  It contains
              generic information about the adapter card plus a detailed summary of all transmit
              and receive counters.

       /usr/src/linux/Documentation/networking/sk98lin.txt
              This is the README file of the sk98lin driver.  It contains a detailed installation
              HOWTO and describes all parameters of the driver.  It denotes also common problems
              and provides the solution to them.

BUGS
       Report any bugs to linux@syskonnect.de

SEE ALSO
       ifconfig(8), insmod(8), modprobe(8)

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 4.04 of the Linux man-pages project.  A description of the
       project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be
       found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Linux                                       2012-08-05                                 SK98LIN(4)

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